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Posts Tagged ‘Insect’

Walnut Caterpillar

Sunday, June 13th, 2010

Walnut Caterpillar

Common names: Walnut Caterpillar

Scientific name: Datana integerrima

Region: This Caterpillar is found in eastern and southern United States.

Life cycle: This insect produces one to two generations each year.  The pupae hibernate in the soil.  As with many insects, this caterpillar population goes in cycles.  They might be bad for one to two years and then virtually disappear for several seasons.

Physical Description: This 2-inch long caterpillar is reddish brown to black with a black head and white hairs.

The adult moth also has a hairy body, is brown in color with four dark bands bordered in white and a wingspan of 1 to 2 inches.

Feeding characteristics: This pest attacks apple, peach, pecan, and walnut plants by eating the leaves.  They will stop eating in the middle of summer to molt, then resume there feeding in the fall.

Controls: These caterpillars will congregate at the bases of branches every night making it easy to remove them on small trees.  A ladder may be necessary for larger trees.

utilize a rolled up burlap bag to rub them out during the late evening.

If hand destroying is not feasible, spraying with Bacillus thuringiensis or pyrethrum to help control the larvae.


Fiskars Garden Caddy & Seat


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Sow Bugs

Saturday, June 12th, 2010
Blue Sow Bug

Image by Ben Amstutz via Flickr

They are called by several varyent names–sow bugs, pill bugs, woodlice, doodlebugs, and roly-polies. These bugs are ordinaryly found in small numbers in lawns and gardens. For the most part, they are no predicament, but when they breed in large numbers in a small area they can overrun a vegetable garden.

Sow bugs most frequently live in areas where there are piles of old leaves or in beds covered with garden mulch. They thrive in moist areas and eat dead or decaying vegetation. If there are too many in an area, they will discover new young shoots or tender leaves to eat. In a garden, this can spell disaster. Most gardeners want to discover a way to keep them out of the vegetable garden.

Diatomaceous Earth for Garden Pest Control

Sow bugs have a great defense against predators. Their shells taste bad and most insect eaters leave them alone. The most likely predator is the woodloutilize spider (Dysdera crocata). To keep down the numbers of sow bugs, gardeners are advised leave this reddish spider alone to do its job.

There are pesticides that kill sow, pill, and other crawling bugs. However, most people want to limit the utilize of pesticides in their gardens, even if the product is labeled as protected for utilize on edible plants. And pesticides are never utilized in organic gardens. organic gardeners look to other categories of pest control.

Here are some organic ways to control sow bugs:

  • Reduce the amount of moisture
  • Remove excess mulch or debris from the area around the garden
  • In raised beds, replace wooden supports with stone
  • utilize corncobs or half cantaloupes to bait and remove
  • Dust around the plants with diatomaceous earth.
  • A organic Alternative to Chemical Pesticides

    Diatomaceous earth is a good alternative to pesticides. This organic mineral substance is mined and then ground up into a very fine powder. It is nontoxic to humans and animals. Any crawling insect that moves over or into the powder picks up the dust. The dust kills the insect by damaging the outer shell and drying out the moisture inside.

    Place the powder around the area or the plants that needs to be protected. Surround the perimeter of the garden. Dust the top of the soil or run the powder along borders especially wooden planks. Sow bugs frequently burrow in the moist soil along the side of a wooden riser. After they’ve burrowed in for the winter, this area can be dug up and removed.

    The utilize of diatomaceous earth has a couple of disbenefits. One is that it must be kept dry to keep it in powder form. Of course, it is complex to avoid wetting the diatomaceous dust in a garden. The gardener must reapply the powder periodically between waterings or after the dust cakes up. The other disbenefit is that the powder is not targeted just to sow or pill bugs. The utilize of diatomaceous earth will affect any crawling insect, such as ants.

    Controlling Sow Bug Infestations

    The presence of small numbers of sow and pill bugs is typically not a predicament. They can just be left alone. However, large numbers of them may become a nuisance. They are especially damaging to the new growth of an timely spring garden. comprehendably, most people do not want sow bugs in their vegetable gardens. Diatomaceous earth is a helpful approach to controlling these garden pests.

    Organic Gardening Products

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    Non-Toxic Homemade Pest Control

    Friday, June 11th, 2010
    Légumes

    Image via Wikipedia

    Expensive store bought sprays are not the only route to go when trying to protect a garden. Most people have the necessary components right in their own homes to rid themselves of pesky pests. A trip to the store to get one or two items at first, will save a lot of money during the growing season as these items are affordable and some can be kept and utilized throughout the season and in other pest control combinations.

    Homemade Non Toxic Pest Control Spray

    Onion/Garlic Spray

    components:

    • 1 garlic bulb
    • 1 small onion
    • 1 quart of water
    • 1 Tbsp. cayenne pepper
    • 1- Tbsp. liquid Ivory soap

    Chop onion and garlic bulb into very small pieces place in bowl. Add cayenne pepper to combination. Add water. Let combination soak for one hour. After one hour, add liquid Ivory soap. Pour into a spray bottle and spray plants to kill a wide variety of insects. combination is good for one week.

    Soap Spray

    components:

    • 3 Tbsp. Liquid Ivory soap
    • 1 gallon of water

    Mix one gallon of water with liquid Ivory soap. Pour into a spray bottle. Mist the leaves of the infested plants. This combination will kill aphids, spider mites, and mealy bugs.

    Hot Pepper Spray

    components:

    • 1 pint of hot peppers
    • 1 garlic bulb
    • 2 Tbsp. dish soap
    • 4 gallons of water

    Mince or chop peppers into very small pieces. Add garlic and mix thoroughly.

    Add pepper mix to water, using a bucket is best. Let sit over night. Using a funnel, pour the combination into a spray bottle.

    Add soap.

    Spray the entire plant from leaves to stems to roots.

    combination works on a variety of garden pests.

    Homemade Fungi Spray

    Insects aren’t the only thing that can kill plants. Fungus is as well a top priority when trying to keep plants healthy.

    Baking Soda Fungi Killer for Black Rot on Grapes

    Dissolve 4 tsp. of baking soda into one gallon of water. Pour combination into spray bottle. Spray over grapes and vines as soon as the fruit starts to grow. utilize once a week for entire grape growing season.

    Homemade Deer Repellent

    Egg Spray

    components:

    • 2 eggs
    • 1 gallon of water

    Mix two raw eggs into water. Blend and stir. Pour water into a spray bottle. Spray on vegetables, grapevines, cornstalks and fruit trees. Make sure to re-spray combination after a rainfall.

    Bars of Soap

    Deer do no like bars of soap for some reason. Any kind of soap. Take bars of soap and hang them from fruit trees approximately three feet from the ground where the deer will surely come in contact with them. Soap on a rope is great for this. Change the soap every two months during growing season.

    If a garden is roped off, soap can be rubbed onto the fence or wire around the garden once a week to keep the deer away.

    Make It at Home to Save Money

    A lot of money can be spent on pest control; however there are alternatives to the expensive pesticides sold in stores and many of these things can be found in the gardeners’ own home.

    Organic Pest control

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