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Onion White Rot Fungal Disease

Sunday, June 13th, 2010
Leeks (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum)

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The resting bodies (sclerotia) of onion white rot can survive in the soil without a suitable host for fifteen years. This serious fungal disease can affect any member of the Allium family including onions, spring onions, chives, shallots, garlic and leeks. In order to live with onion white rot in the soil the gardener must first of all be able to recognize it before taking preparations to reduce the debigation it can cautilize. Overwintered onions and garlic are particularly susceptible to onion white rot.

How to Recognize Onion White Rot

  • Evidence of this dastardly disease shows up when the leaves turn yellow and die back.
  • Plants will sometimes keel over as the roots rot.
  • A few plants may be affected at first, but this disease frequently stretchs to infect whole rows of plants.
  • Upon lifting affected plants, white fluffy fungal growth, a bit like cotton wool, can be seen around the bulb with tiny black globules, like poppy seeds among the fungus.
  • These black globules are the resting bodies or sclerotia of the white rot fungus.

How to  Reduce the Impact of Onion White Rot

The sclerotia fall into the soil where they wait for their next victim. When the temperatures reach 10-18 degrees centigrade during April the Allium roots stimulate the previously comatose fruiting bodies to germinate and infect new plants.

  • The gardener who must grow onions in infected ground will get better results by growing onions from seed rather than sets, becautilize sets have well developed roots when temperatures trigger disease activity.
  • Onions grown from seed have smaller roots and are therefore less likely to encourage attack.
  • White rot stretchs sideways through the soil and intertwined roots encourage rapid travel along the rows of plants. Space plants widely to slow the speed of onion white rot stretch.
  • removal the infected soil by taking out holes 10cm in diameter and replacing with uncontaminated soil before planting garlic may help.
  • Clean tools and boots well after cultivating contaminated ground.
  • In most cases a worthwhile crop of leeks can be grown on land which is badly infected with white rot.
  • Begin harvesting onions as soon as the bulbs are fully formed rather than wait for them to ripen.
  • utilize any onions which shows symptoms of the disease immediately, whilst they are still edible, and only store those bulbs which are completely free of the disease.

Elimination and Prevention of Onion White Rot

There is no control for this disease other than to avoid growing members of the Allium family on infected land for in any case eight years. UnHapppily like clubroot it can persist for much longer. It therefore makes sense to try to avoid letting the soil become infected in the first place by practising strict crop rotation and following a strict policy of garden hygiene including cleaning tools and boots after working on contaminated soil and never importing infected soil into uncontaminated ground.

Organic  Seeds

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Non-Toxic Homemade Pest Control

Friday, June 11th, 2010
Légumes

Image via Wikipedia

Expensive store bought sprays are not the only route to go when trying to protect a garden. Most people have the necessary components right in their own homes to rid themselves of pesky pests. A trip to the store to get one or two items at first, will save a lot of money during the growing season as these items are affordable and some can be kept and utilized throughout the season and in other pest control combinations.

Homemade Non Toxic Pest Control Spray

Onion/Garlic Spray

components:

  • 1 garlic bulb
  • 1 small onion
  • 1 quart of water
  • 1 Tbsp. cayenne pepper
  • 1- Tbsp. liquid Ivory soap

Chop onion and garlic bulb into very small pieces place in bowl. Add cayenne pepper to combination. Add water. Let combination soak for one hour. After one hour, add liquid Ivory soap. Pour into a spray bottle and spray plants to kill a wide variety of insects. combination is good for one week.

Soap Spray

components:

  • 3 Tbsp. Liquid Ivory soap
  • 1 gallon of water

Mix one gallon of water with liquid Ivory soap. Pour into a spray bottle. Mist the leaves of the infested plants. This combination will kill aphids, spider mites, and mealy bugs.

Hot Pepper Spray

components:

  • 1 pint of hot peppers
  • 1 garlic bulb
  • 2 Tbsp. dish soap
  • 4 gallons of water

Mince or chop peppers into very small pieces. Add garlic and mix thoroughly.

Add pepper mix to water, using a bucket is best. Let sit over night. Using a funnel, pour the combination into a spray bottle.

Add soap.

Spray the entire plant from leaves to stems to roots.

combination works on a variety of garden pests.

Homemade Fungi Spray

Insects aren’t the only thing that can kill plants. Fungus is as well a top priority when trying to keep plants healthy.

Baking Soda Fungi Killer for Black Rot on Grapes

Dissolve 4 tsp. of baking soda into one gallon of water. Pour combination into spray bottle. Spray over grapes and vines as soon as the fruit starts to grow. utilize once a week for entire grape growing season.

Homemade Deer Repellent

Egg Spray

components:

  • 2 eggs
  • 1 gallon of water

Mix two raw eggs into water. Blend and stir. Pour water into a spray bottle. Spray on vegetables, grapevines, cornstalks and fruit trees. Make sure to re-spray combination after a rainfall.

Bars of Soap

Deer do no like bars of soap for some reason. Any kind of soap. Take bars of soap and hang them from fruit trees approximately three feet from the ground where the deer will surely come in contact with them. Soap on a rope is great for this. Change the soap every two months during growing season.

If a garden is roped off, soap can be rubbed onto the fence or wire around the garden once a week to keep the deer away.

Make It at Home to Save Money

A lot of money can be spent on pest control; however there are alternatives to the expensive pesticides sold in stores and many of these things can be found in the gardeners’ own home.

Organic Pest control

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Walkingstick

Wednesday, May 5th, 2010

Walkingstick

Common names: Walkingstick

Scientific name: Diapheromera femorata

Region: This insect is found in the eastern portion of the United States.

Life cycle: This insect produces just one generation each year and overwinters as an egg.

Physical Description: This 3-inch long insect is brown or dark green, very thin with a body like a stick, and can easily camouflage itself in trees and shrubs.  Its eggs are black and are deposited on the ground.

Feeding characteristics: The insect is common to the cherry tree and may feed extensively on the foliage, but damage is never serious.

Controls: None required, damage is never serious.

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